New Zealand Electrification

Archives and Manuscripts

New Zealand Nation Archives

Auckland, New Zealand

The Electric Gold Mining Company Papers

Dunedin, New Zealand

Dunedin Corporation Papers

Wellington, New Zealand

Coal Mines Electrical Regulations

Cromwell Hydroelectric Gold Mining Company Papers

Electricity Department Personnel Files 1905-1999

Energy Library Collection 1904-1999

Horahora Power Scheme Papers

James Walter Radford Papers

Lake Coleridge Plantation, Electricity Department Papers

Lyttelton Harbor Board Papers

Local Authorities – Christchurch Electrical – Lake Coleridge Scheme

Marlborough Electric Power Board Papers

Miscellaneous Electricity Maps and Plans 1911-1980

Multiple number subject files – Electricity (State Hydro Branch) 1906-1994

Otago Central Electric Power Board – Private Water Power Plants, Etc.

Power Engineering Dossiers (Numeric subject files) 1911-2002

Power Engineering Photographic Records 1900-2000

Regarding Use of Windmills for Generation of Electric Power

Sandhills Gold Mining Company Limited Papers

Sir Julius Vogel Document 1865-1882

Southland Electric Power Board Papers

Waitaki Power Station Papers

Walter Prince Papers

Wellington – Johnsonville Electrification Papers

Primary Sources – Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers

Journals

The Electrical Engineer

The Electrical Journal

Electrical World

Electricity: A Popular Electrical Journal

Nature

New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology

Telegraphic Journal and Electrical Review

Transactions of the Federated Institution of Mining Engineers

Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand

 

Newspapers

 

Ashburton Guardian

Auckland Star

Grey River Argus

Kumara Times

Lake Wakatip Mail

New Zealand Gazette

New Zealand Herald

Northern Advocate

North Otago Times

Otago Witness

Taranaki Daily News

Timaru Herald

West Coast Times

Selected Primary Sources – Books, Articles, and Reports

Books

Badger, Wilfred. Statues of New Zealand: Whole Law of New Zealand, 1842-1893. Christchurch: Croft-Rotherham, 1900.

Clayden, Arthur. The England of the Pacific, or, New Zealand as a Middle-Class Emigration Field. London: Wymann and Sons, 1879.

Larnach, W. J. M. The Handbook of New Zealand Mines. Wellington: George Didsbury, 1887.

Trollope, Anthony. Australia and New Zealand. Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, 1873.

Parliamentary Reports

15 Joint Parliament Buildings Electric Lighting Committee, 1 January 1891

D-10 ELECTRIC POWER IN THE CITY OF WELLINGTON: ESTIMATED EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE IF CURRENT PURCHASED FROM THE GOVERNMENT. Untitled, 1 January 1910

D-01a UTILISATION OF WATER-POWER (REPORT ON).

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/parliamentary/AJHR1906-II.2.2.2.2?query=dam

I-04a GOLDFIELDS AND MINES COMMITTEE (REPORT OF) ON THE PETITION OF TIMOTHY CORBY AND OTHERS RE FIRE AT THE CARDIFF COAL-MINE, MOKIHINUI.

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/parliamentary/AJHR1900-I.2.3.3.6?query=dam

C-04 MINES DEPARTMENT: ELECTRIC POWER FOR DRIVING MINING MACHINERY (REPORT ON PRACTICABILITY OF USING, AT KUAOTUNU AND THAMES, BY THE INSPECTING ENGINEER, AND MR. R.E. FLETCHER, ELECTRICAL ENGINEER). Untitled, 1 January 1893

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/parliamentary/AJHR1893-I.2.1.4.6?query=dam%20electricity

H-09 THE GOLD FIELDS OF NEW ZEALAND (REPORT ON). Untitled, 1 January 1884

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/parliamentary/AJHR1884-I.2.2.6.10?query=dam%20electricity

C-05 GOLDFIELDS, ROADS, WATER-RACES, AND OTHER WORKS IN CONNECTION WITH MINING (REPORT ON). Untitled, 1 January 1887

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/parliamentary?query=dam+electricity&sort_by=byDA

C-06 BRUNNER COAL-MINE DISASTER (REPORT OF ROYAL COMMISSION APPOINTED TO INQUIRE INTO, ON 26th MARCH, 1896). Untitled, 1 January 1896

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/parliamentary/AJHR1896-I.2.1.4.8?query=dam%20electricity

Secondary Sources –

Books

Adas, Michael. Dominance by Design: Technological Imperatives and America’s Civilizing Mission. Cambridge: The Belknap Press, 2006.

Adas, Michael. Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2015.

Aguiar, Marian. Tracking Modernity: India’s Railway and the Culture of Mobility. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2011.

Andersen, Casper. British Engineers and Africa, 1875-1914. Pickering and Chatto, 2011.

Arnold, David. Everyday Technology: Machines and the Making of Indias Modernity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Ballantyne, Tony. Webs of Empire: Locating New Zealand’s Colonial Past. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books, 2012.

Barak, On. On Time: Technology and Temporality in Modern Egypt. University of California Press, 2013.

Bleich, James. The Victorian Interpretation of Racial Conflict: The Maori, The British, and the New Zealand Wars. London: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1989.

Belich, James. Making Peoples: A History of the New Zealanders from Polynesian Settlement to the End of the Nineteenth Century. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2002.

Belich, James. Paradise Reforged: A History of the New Zealanders from the 1880’s to the Year 2000. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2004.

Belich, James. The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World, 1783-1939. Oxford, 2009.

Brooking, Tom and Pawson, Eric. Seeds of Empire: The Environmental Transformation of New Zealand. I. B. Tauris, 2010.

Burton, Antoinette. The Empire in Question. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.

Byrnes, Giselle. The New Oxford History of New Zealand. South Melbourne, Australia; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Chatterjee, Partha. The Black Hole of Empire: History and the Global Practice of Power. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Clive, Dewey. Steamboats on the Indus: The Limits of Western Technological Superiority in South Asia. Oxford, 2014.

Cooper, Frederick. Colonialism in Question: Theory, Knowledge, and Practice. UCLA Press, 2005.

Darwin, John. Unfinished Empire. Bloomsbury, 2012.

Dirks, Nicholas B. The Scandal of Empire: India and the Creation of Imperial Britain. Cambridge: The Belknap Press, 2006.

Drayton, Richard. Nature’s Government: Science, Imperial Britain, and the ‘Improvement’ of the World. London: Yale University Press, 2000.

 

Fyfe, Aileen. Steam-Powered Knowledge: William Chambers and the Business of Publishing, 1820-1860. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Gold, Barri J. Thermopoetics: Energy in Victorian Literature and Science. The MIT Press, 2010.

Hannah, Leslie. Electricity Before Nationalisation: A Study of the Development of the Electricity Supply in Britain to 1948. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1979.

Harding, Sandra G. The Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies Reader. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.

Hayward, Janine, and Shaw, Richard. Historical Dictionary of New Zealand. London: Rowman and Littlefield, 2016.

Headrick, Daniel R. Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Headrick, Daniel R. The Tentacles of Progress: Technology Transfer in the Age of Imperialism, 1850-1940. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Hirsh, Richard F. Technology and Transformation in the American Electric Utility Industry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Hirsh, Richard F. Power Loss: The Origins of Deregulation and Restructuring in the American Utility System. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1999.

Hughes, Thomas P. Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880-1930. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.

Hunt, Bruce J., The Maxwellians. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Hunt, Bruce J. Pursuing Power and Light: Technology and Physics from James Watt to Albert Einstein. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

Jones, Christopher. Routes of Power: Energy and Modern America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Kander, Astrid, Malanima, Paolo, and Warde, Paul, eds. Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.

Lagendijk, Vincent. Electrifying Europe: The Power of Europe in the Construction of Electricity Networks. Amsterdam: Aksant, 2008.

Luckin, Bill Questions of Power: Electricity and environment in inter-war Britain. Manchester University Press, 1990

Marsden, Ben and Smith, Crosbie. Engineering Empire: A Cultural History of Technology in Nineteenth-century Britain. Palgrave McMillan, 2005.

Martin, John H. People, Power and Power Stations: Electric Power Generation in New Zealand 1880–1990. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books and Electricity Corporation of New Zealand, 1991.

Mavhunga, Clapperton Chakanesta. Transient Workspaces: Technologies of Everday Innovation in Zimbabwe. The MIT Press, 2014.

Mein Smith, Philippa. A Concise History of New Zealand. Cambridge Concise Histories. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Moon, Suzanne. Technology and Ethical Idealism: A History of Development in the Netherlands East Indies. Leiden: CNWS Publications, 2007.

Mrazek, Rudolpf. Engineers of Happy Land: Technology and Nationalism in a Colony. Princeton University Press, 2002.

Morus, Iwan Rhys. 1998. Frankenstein’s Children: Electricity, Exhibition, and Experiment in Early 19th-Century London. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Morus, Iwan Rhys. Michael Faraday and the Electric Century. Cambridge: Icon Books, 2004.

Needham, Andrew. Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.

Nye, David Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology, 1880-1940. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1992.

Nye, David. Consuming Power: A Social History of American Energies. Cambridge, The MIT Press, 1999.

Priestley, Rebecca. Mad on Radium: New Zealand in the Atomic Age. Auckland University Press, 2012.

Reiger, Bernhard. Technology and the Culture of Modernity in Britain and Germany, 1890-1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005

Reilly, Helen. Connecting the Country: New Zealand’s National Grid 1886–2007. Wellington: Steele Roberts, 2008.

Rennie, Neil. Power to the People: 100 Years of Public Electricity Supply in New Zealand. Electricity Supply Association of New Zealand, 1989.

Schiffer, Michael Bryan. Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity before Edison. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2008.

Simon, Linda. Dark Light: Electricity and Anxiety from the Telegraph to the X-Ray. Orlando, Florida: Harcourt Press, 2004.

Singh, Mehta Uday. Liberalism and Empire: A Study in Nineteenth-Century British Liberal Thought. Chicago, 1999.

Smil, Vaclav. Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914. New York: Oxford, 2005.

Smith, Crosbie and Norton, M. Energy and Empire: a biographical study of Lord Kelvin. Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Smith, Crosbie. The Science of Energy: A Cultural History of Energy Physics in Victorian Britain. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Stern, Philip J. The Company-State: Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern Foundations of the British Empire in India. Oxford, 2012.

Storey, William Kelleher. Science and Power in Colonial Mauritius. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 1997.

Storey, William. Guns, Race and Power in Colonial South Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

White, Richard. Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River. Hill and Wang, 1996.

Winseck, Dwayne R. and Pike, Robert M. Communication and Empire: Media, Markets, and Globalization, 1860-1930. Durham: Durham University Press, 2007.

Wu, Shellen. Empires of Coal: Fueling Chinas Entry Into the Modern World Order 1860-1920. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2015.

Articles

Anderson, Warwick. “Postcolonial Technoscience.” Social Studies of Science 32, no. 5/6 (2002): 643–58.

Colley, Ann C. 2014. “Portrait, Empire, and Industry at the Belle Vue Zoo, Manchester.” Victorian Literature and Culture 42 (02): 167–186. doi:10.1017/S1060150313000466.

Cooper, Timothy. 2011. “Peter Lund Simmonds and the Political Ecology of Waste Utilization in Victorian Britain.” Technology and Culture 52 (1): 21–44. doi:10.1353/tech.2011.0003.

Jones, Christopher F. 2013. “Building More Just Energy Infrastructure: Lessons from the Past.” Science as Culture 22 (2): 157–163.

Kale, S. S. 2014. “Structures of Power: Electrification in Colonial India.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 34 (3): 454–475.

Lee, Jung. 2014. “Invention without Science : ‘ Korean Edisons ’ and the Changing Understanding of Technology in Colonial Korea Invention without Science” 54 (4): 782–814.

Madan, Sandhya, Swetha Manimuthu, and S. Thiruvengadam. 2007. “History of Electric Power in India (1890 – 1990).” 2007 IEEE Conference on the History of Electric Power, HEP 2007: 152–165.

Malm, Andreas. 2014. “Fleeing the Flowing Commons: Robert Thom, Water Reservoir Schemes, and the Shift to Steam Power in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain.” Environmental History 19 (1): 55–77.

McLean, Janet. 2004. “From Empire to Globalization: The New Zealand Experience.” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 11 (1): 161–181.

Otter, Chris. 2007. “Making Liberal Objects.” Cultural Studies 21 (4-5): 570–590.

Roberts, Gwilym. 2008. “Sir John Anderson, 1814–86: The Unknown Engineer Who Made the British Empire Possible.” Transactions of the Newcomen Society 78 (2): 261–291.

Schiffer, Michael B. 2005. “The Electric Lighthouse in the Nineteenth Century: Aid to Navigation and Political Technology.” Technology and Culture 46 (2): 275–305.

Wu, Shellen. “The Search for Coal in the Age of Empires: Ferdinand von Richthofen’s Odyssey in China, 1860-1920.” The American Historical Review (2014): 339–363.

Online Databases

Engineering Heritage New Zealand

Dictionary of New Zealand Biography

Papers Past, New Zealand National Library

Archway, Archives New Zealand